Bettas or Siamese Fighting Fish are some of the easiest species of fish to care for. Their distinct, bright and beautiful colors make them a favorite with many tropical fish keepers all over the world. They are native to the Southern parts of Asia, from countries like Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam.
Their natural habitat are small pools of murky waters in rice paddies. They have a special ability to breath air at the surface of the water, something quite unique to the species. They don’t need a large tank and are content in a small bowl or water tank. Provided you keep the water fresh and change it every few days, you Betta will be quite happy.
They are natural carnivores and love live food. They will eat pellets and happy doing that but live blood worms and tiny shrimp are a delicacy to them. If you do give your fish live food it’s crucial you don’t over feed the poor animal. Any leftovers should be immediately removed from the tank. Like humans if it stinks they won’t eat it and it can cause serious harm if the leftovers where to spoil in the tank.
Betta’s are jumpers, that’s how they move from one small pool of water to another in their natural habitat. You should pay special care to make it impossible for your fish to jump out of it’s tank. It has happened too many times that a fish keeper has come home to find a dead Betta on the floor. But it also important never ever use an air tight cover on a Betta’s tank. They absolutely need to have access to fresh air.
The male of the species is the one with the brightest colors. The females are often brownish and dull in color. Another distinction between the sexes is the large fan-like fins on the male. The females also tend to have much shorter fins.
You should try to keep your fish in a place where it gets natural sunlight during the day or at least make sure you have proper lighting for the tank. By mimicking their natural habitat as much as possible your fish will live longer and happier. Keeping your tank clean and regularly changing the water will also avoid a lot of tropical fish diseases.